Michigan Political Prisoner Rev. Edward Pinkney on Hunger Strike!

Originally published June 1, 2016 at bhbanco.org

At Marquette Branch Prison in Marquette, MI more than 700 prisoners came together to protest food served by Trinity Services Group, Inc. to the prisoners. The action by the prisoners was also in protest of the poor conditions at Marquette Branch Prison.

These prisoners unified against government waste and corruption in the prison system. They demanded food that doesn’t make them sick.  

This unity among hundreds shows what people can do when they come together over a common cause. The protest was not organized by any one individual, but was a culmination of conditions that are unbearable at this prison. 

This dangerous food is generally eaten by most of the prisoners, and this leads to health issues that must be treated. Ultimately, the healthcare costs, brought on by this corrupt system, become the burden of unsuspecting Michigan taxpayers. 

Those on the outside do not realize the inhumanity of the prison system. Prisoners, when released, do not want to talk about the stress they endured while in the system. Prisoners who participate in peaceful protests are retaliated against by the prison officials. 

It is my duty, as a reverend, as a servant of God, as an unjustly accused man, and as a concerned citizen of Michigan, to report to you about these conditions. I have personally witnessed seeing worms in the food and prison kitchen workers have reported that spoiled food containing rodent waste, maggots, worms, and bugs have been served regularly to inmates. 

Therefore, I, Reverend Edward Pinkney, have decided I must go on a hunger strike to personally protest the deplorable food and conditions at Marquette Branch Prison in Marquette, Michigan.

Editor’s note: As of June 4, 2016 Rev. Edward Pinkney has been on this hunger strike for 10 days. He knows how to fast and how to keep his body hydrated with water and nutrients from fluids. Please go to http://www.bhbanco.org and follow @FreeRevPinkney for updates on his condition and his fight for justice, not just for himself, but for all of us.

Death of Activist and Inspiration, Muhammad Ali

Photo from http://www.relatably.com
Originally published at bhbanco.org on June 4, 2016
The death of Muhammad Ali has shaken individuals around the world as they remember not just his greatness in the boxing ring, but also his courage of standing up for his convictions of refusal to blindly go to war in Vietnam. Ali wasn’t afraid for his own life; he stood up for the poor, the meek, the people he had no quarrel with and that he knew would suffer in war.

My conscience won’t let me go shoot my brother or some darker people or some poor, hungry people in the mud for big, powerful America. And shoot them for what? They never called me nigger, they never lynched me, they didn’t put no dogs on me, they didn’t rob me of my nationality, rape and kill my mother and father. Shoot them for what? How can I shoot them poor people? Poor little black people and babies and children and women. How can I shoot them poor people? Just take me to jail. –Muhammad Ali

From prison, Michigan political prisoner Reverend Edward Pinkney made this statement in memory and honor of Ali:

The death of Muhammad Ali was shocking to me. And to the world. I am deeply honored to have lived in his time. He was truly a leader who made the supreme sacrifice of himself by refusing to be inducted into the U.S. Army.

America has lost one of its most effective individuals who led by example. Oppressed people, at home and abroad, have lost an articulate voice, a powerful and just voice.

Ali’s words mirror a 20th Century America that had acquired global power, but America also sacrificed some of Ali’s most treasured values on the altar of institutional racism, economic injustice and international influence. He was one of the first Americans, black or white, to offer reform about a promise unfulfilled.

He was both a unique personality and a representative of the people – precisely because he belonged to the people.

Muhammad Ali was my hero. He gave me the initiative to stand tall and make the supreme sacrifice of myself. I will always be in awe of his courage and indebted to the life lessons he has given to the world.

Muhammad Ali was not just a boxing legend; he was an activist, a peacemaker, and an inspiration. Muhammad Ali, the world is going to miss you–my hero.
Reverend Edward Pinkney

       Photo from www.theguardian.com                       June 21, 1967 The Houston Post

Political Prisoner, Lifelong Civil Rights Leader Never Gives Up

Article originally published May 30, 2016 by nsnbc international http://nsnbc.me/2016/05/30/political-prisoner-lifelong-civil-rights-leader-never-gives-up/

Political prisoner Reverend Edward Pinkney of Benton Harbor, Michigan, is an inmate at Marquette Branch Prison located in the Upper Peninsula. Marquette is almost 500 miles away from his home and family. Pinkney was housed at Lakeland Correctional in Coldwater, MI (which is about 150 miles from Benton Harbor) for about nine months until he was abruptly transported in the middle of the night to Marquette in an attempt, it is generally believed to isolate and silence this 67-year-old, African American man of faith.

Pinkney, a strong community organizer, benefactor of the poor minorities in Benton Harbor, and an outspoken social justice warrior, has been a target of the Whirlpool Corporation (with headquarters in Benton Harbor) that outsourced hundreds of jobs when NAFTA was enacted and stole public land to build Harbor Shores 5-star golf resort to cater to the elite wealthy (and ultimately gentrify Benton Harbor) along with the dictatorial Emergency Manager Law thrust upon many Michigan cities.

Benton Harbor was the first to be controlled under an Emergency Financial Manager (one of four over the last six years) which fundamentally removed all authority from the city council and mayor. Pinkney warned us about Emergency Managers years ago.

Free Pinkney_Benton Harbor_Michigan_USA_May 2016
Supporters from Michigan and surrounding region led an #OccupyPGA2016 march in Benton Harbor on May 28, 2016.

Pinkney, a strong community organizer, benefactor of the poor minorities in Benton Harbor, and an outspoken social justice warrior, has been a target of the Whirlpool Corporation (with headquarters in Benton Harbor) that outsourced hundreds of jobs when NAFTA was enacted and stole public land to build Harbor Shores 5-star golf resort to cater to the elite wealthy (and ultimately gentrify Benton Harbor) along with the dictatorial Emergency Manager Law thrust upon many Michigan cities.

Benton Harbor was the first to be controlled under an Emergency Financial Manager (one of four over the last six years) which fundamentally removed all authority from the city council and mayor. Pinkney warned us about Emergency Managers years ago.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4k4r7czxfk

The latest nightmare for Pinkney started in 2014 when he was charged with changing five dates on petitions to recall Whirlpool controlled Mayor Hightower. A SWAT team surrounded his home to bring Pinkney in dead or alive, an all-white jury (filled with tainted jurors) convicted Pinkney of felonies (per Judge Sterling Schrock who based his decision of charging Pinkney with felonies, rather than misdemeanors, on ambiguous legal language). He was convicted despite no evidence, no confession, and no witnesses. Prosecutor Michael Sepic insisted that Pinkney had to be guilty because of Pinkney’s community activism and outspokenness. The judge and prosecutor even instructed the jurors that they could convict Pinkney with no evidence! How’s that for justice? But, the sentencing was even worse. Judge Shrock, at the encouragement of Prosecutor Sepic, made “an example of Pinkney and sent a message to Pinkney and the community of Benton Harbor” by handing Pinkney the harsh sentence of 2.5 to 10 years in prison in December 2014.

Fast forward to today, Rev. Pinkney has been incarcerated for almost 18 months where he has endured intimidation, racism, false charges from prison officials that provoked a six-month suspension of his phone rights, and disappointments from the Michigan Appellate court that denied his request for bond pending Appeal twice. The Appellate Court recently heard his Appeal brief on May 11. During that hearing, the three Appellate judges iterated they were not interested in the “insufficient evidence” argument to the court by Pinkney’s attorney and the ACLU-MI. The Appellate Court’s decision was to keep Pinkney’s appeal “in abeyance pending MI Supreme Court decision in People v Hall.” It could take a few months to a year or longer for the Supreme Court’s decision in People v Hall.

Whirlpool_Benton Harbor_Michigan_USABrandon Hall was charged with forgeries of signatures and Hall fought the courts’ attempts to try him on felonies under MCL 168.937 in the Judicial, Circuit and Appellate Courts. Those courts agreed that Hall could not be charged with felonies, and if he is charged with the lesser statute MCL 168.544c, this would be only a penalty and not subject to imprisonment as punishment. Now, the Hall case is being reviewed by the MI Supreme Court. If Hall wins in Supreme Court, this could favorably affect Pinkney’s case resulting in his case being thrown out. Pinkney could not be retried, and he would be immediately released from prison.

Rev. Pinkney has lost two years of his life over this vendetta led by Whirlpool and the corrupt judicial system in Berrien County, Michigan. But, he is still standing, and he is still fighting for justice.

Even as the PGA announced its partnership with Whirlpool and Harbor Shores has been extended to at least 2024, Pinkney and his supporters forged ahead with a campaign of protests, letter-writing, phone calls, and media blasts to keep Pinkney’s case front and center. On May 28, many regional supporters gathered to protest the PGA Championship being held in Benton Harbor and lend support to Pinkney who led, in 2012 and 2014, similar protests with specific demands to stop the gentrification, land grab, and austerity terrorizing the people of Benton Harbor.

We cannot allow this dangerous precedent of trying and convicting a person with no evidence to stand. We cannot allow the erosion of free speech or the destruction of due process for American citizens.

We must come together and fight together. When we fight each other, they win! We have to stand up together and say ‘Enough is enough!’ This is not a race war; it’s a class war! – Rev. Edward Pinkney.

For information about the ongoing campaign to #FreeRevPinkney, call Gov. Snyder (MI office 517-373-3400 or in DC 202-624-5840), write to Rev. Edward Pinkney, #294671 N-E-93; Marquette Branch Prison; 1960 US Hwy 41South; Marquette, MI 49855 and  follow @FreeRevPinkney on Twitter for daily updates of the case. Please go to http://www.bhbanco.org/ to find daily news pertaining to Pinkney and other Michigan issues and to send any donations you can.

 Join the fight because there are more of us than there are of them!

 

 

The #OccupyThePGA #FreeRevPinkney #FlintWaterCrisis TwitterStorm!

IMG_20160413_171556
Occupy the PGA Is May 28th!

#OccupyThePGA Is May 28th!
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC https://t.co/xBXzdLT59a

Free Reverend Pinkney!
May 2015
https://t.co/oUlVAdmiin via @PeoplesTrib #FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/nhoNqrJHzK

Pinkney Defense Files Brief in Michigan Supreme Court Case
https://t.co/nb0viDVdqN
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/UOq9sXQxTE

Severe mistreatment of #RevPinkney by 3 prison guards
https://t.co/KzqqACmhWq #FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/gizPFGkfis

Rev.Pinkney Speaks from Prison! https://t.co/yBtEoAurEz
@PrisonRadio @prisonradioshow #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/4NEx7sChlE

#FreeRevPinkney
Marquette Branch Prisoners Show Unity in Food Strike!
#Justice4Pinkney
Thx @PeoplesTrib! https://t.co/Z9GW6wwgYa

Massive Unity Action at Marquette Branch Prison
https://t.co/HJ7u5FMohy #FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/ZZMU30Ar9U

Rev. Pinkney needs your help!

https://t.co/SLySFCHhic
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/8vqnPPWCyt

Activists support Rev. Pinkney at hearing
https://t.co/GZF06vL16b
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/2zYP9GobNH

Hear one of America’s most fearless activists speak
#FreeRevPinkney
https://t.co/kUwOMB8xU7 https://t.co/xamImeNdIf

#OccupyThePGA
Heart of #Michigan park sacrificed for private golf course! https://t.co/wXVNyh4HpZ… via @RMcClureIW https://t.co/HYlzR63U3T

#OccupyThePGA 2016 Is ON!!

Mark your calendars!

Join the facebook event!
https://t.co/ILOdwMVtvi
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/gBWhPFyY25

#OccupyThePGA 2016
#FreeRevPinkney
END the Emergency Managers! https://t.co/DX2B7vKcRM

#OccupyThePGA 2016:
Saturday, May 28 at 11:00 AM
Benton Harbor City Hall, 200 East Wall St., Benton Harbor, MI 49022
https://m.facebook.com/events/199336927110429/

#OccupyThePGA 2016
Boycott #Whirlpool
#FreeRevPinkney
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC
https://t.co/WP4X4bERZr

#OccupyThePGA To Protest Selling Off Of Benton Harbor, Michigan! https://t.co/TyYHwF3A4q @crooksandliars
#BlackLivesMatter #FreeRevPinkney

Stop the Corruption in Berrien County!
https://t.co/QHOGH1KkQB
#FreeRevPinkney #OccupyThePGA #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/2xM9zXH64o

#FreeRevPinkney & #ArrestGovSnyder!
Demand #Justice4Flint!
Thx @HectorSolon! 🙂 https://t.co/ZmBtJAKXsQ

#OccupyThePGA 2016
#FreeRevPinkney
END the Emergency Managers! https://t.co/AQSx6smZPE

The Fall of Flint
#FlintWaterCrisis #BlackLivesMatter #FreeRevPinkney
Thx @ErinBrockovich! https://t.co/MiGG05wDY9

The Benton Harbor Struggle:
The Story of Rev. Edward Pinkney https://t.co/3WULflCUhg via @YouTube #FreeRevPinkney because #BlackLivesMatter!

#RevPinkney case here: https://t.co/2kTvC8dNwW
Thx @IDECLAIRMEDIA
Why #FreeRevPinkney? https://t.co/JjS2icU710 https://t.co/grqqN2gQVd

FLASHBACK!
Democracy on Hold in Benton Harbor https://t.co/Cf8iqyHpkc @truthout
#BlackLivesMatter #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/KFANO6AOR9

#RevPinkney was Right:
It’s Comin’ to Your City Next!
https://t.co/AuXO9OECKW #BlackLivesMatter #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/Kutw9KGM1z

Push comes to shove on #Michigan historic districts
https://t.co/idL8xzM5mO
#RevPinkney Warned of Emergency Managers! #FreeRevPinkney NOW!

The Black Autonomy Network Community Organization: https://t.co/HBgsDHJ4nA #FreeRevPinkney
https://t.co/pDx6g7FqdY https://t.co/UhcB9TE1SE

FLASHBACK!
Stop the ethnic cleansing of Benton Harbor and Detroit, #Michigan
https://t.co/nnEhKqnY6I @WorldAusterity https://t.co/82Y2yhiA3B

Residents raise race as factor in #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/SYYWhHKTXD via @freep
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!

Residents raise race as factor in #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/SYYWhHKTXD via @freep
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!

#FlintWaterCrisis
State police monitoring social media for threatening comments about Gov. Snyder http://go.shr.lc/26sErub via @Shareaholic

Gov. Snyder asks auditor general to suspend #FlintWaterCrisis investigation
https://t.co/qrS28Jv3Zt via @flintjournal
#ArrestGovSnyder!

Gov. Rick Snyder’s legal tab $6,500 per day!
#ArrestGovSnyder for #FlintWaterCrisis!
@freep http://on.freep.com/1VhzG2e

#FlintWaterCrisis
Flint water plant stops handing out test kits after “die-in” protest
#Justice4Flint
https://t.co/lNVY1eDbmM

Emergency Managers dismantle Detroit’s school system!
https://t.co/Q9qnfjjydp via @PeoplesTrib #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/6KFSr7wXkD

Kildee calls on Congress to ‘do its job’ and pass #FlintWaterCrisis aid https://t.co/0ue2l98ZzP

Pelosi, Reid, Kildee call on Republicans to pass FlintWaterCrisis funding
#Justice4Flint https://t.co/67L9vXBouI

Two People Connected To #FlintWaterCrisis Investigation DEAD! http://yournewswire.com/two-flint-water-investigators-found-dead/ via @peoplesvoice_tv #ArrestGovSnyder #FreeRevPinkney

So you’ve ruined a town and poisoned its children—what next?
Bill them for your legal costs!
#ArrestGovSnyder http://bit.ly/26p0stJ

#RevPinkney:
The Church Is Failing the Community on Economic and Racial Justice:
https://t.co/z3rwcy6520… https://t.co/vg5oFJhgiU

Reverend Pinkney:
The Civil Rights
Hero You Haven’t Met
https://t.co/qQpRWyobYb @WorldAusterity
#FreeRevPinkney! https://t.co/TmnxpE0Ppw

The American Political Prisoner You’ve Never Heard About
https://t.co/3aecxpj3sK #FreeRevPinkney via @LeeCamp @RedactedTonight

FLASHBACK!
Reverend Pinkney:
Fighting Fascism in #Michigan
https://t.co/XkhnTir6KM @WorldAusterity #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/X1whckJsgW

🚨 ALERT! 🚨
#RevPinkney needs your help!
https://t.co/SLySFCHhic
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/ZOTdh5iDpq

#FreeRevPinkney & #ArrestGovSnyder!
Demand Justice in #Michigan
Visit https://t.co/HBgsDHJ4nA https://t.co/yx7LWZWdoe

#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!
Demand #Justice4Pinkney & #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/7h1LybQeZS

We Must Stand Together and Demand Justice! https://t.co/WUmaX0FDFe via @LAProgressive
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter

“The Pinkney’s have done so much for so many,” supporter
https://t.co/Rv3LaRa3F2 via @PeoplesTrib #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/3zUM7F9Mxz

Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
Sign the Petition! via @Roots_Action https://t.co/R0maamtRyT

From Rev. Pinkney:
Corrupt Partnership and the Struggle!
https://t.co/DNzcnDUJd6…
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter  https://t.co/niQ4MnQwqA

FLASHBACK!
Framing Reverend Pinkney!
https://t.co/4XE6Brg60o
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter
https://t.co/L5gqQJANT6

Convicted With No Evidence by an All-White Jury, #RevPinkney Faces Life in Prison! http://www.truth-out.org/news/item/27974-all-white-jury-convicts-black-community-leader-with-no-evidence-reverend-edward-pinkney-faces-life-in-prison via @truthout #BlackLivesMatter

Activists support #RevPinkney at hearing https://t.co/C5j37CT5mT
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney

Rev Pinkney: I believe Berrien County officials put a hit on me, inside prison!
https://t.co/yiHBekBwUS via @sfbayview
#FreeRevPinkney!

Reacting to #FlintWaterCrisis, @EPA launches US drinking water study: https://t.co/dSBnDrr52c https://t.co/NEwNd8z0Sh

Emergency Manager law targeted by new #Michigan urban workgroup https://t.co/zua8XkLVsj via @MLive
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!

“The Future for Flint’s Children.”
Time for Congress to step up for #FlintWaterCrisis! https://t.co/SAo1WfXPjM by @MonaHannaA via @nytimes

#HillaryClinton Linked to Company Being Sued over #FlintWaterCrisis! http://theantimedia.org/hillary-clinton-flint-water-crisis/ via @theantimedia1 #Justice4Flint

A Potent Side Effect to the #FlintWaterCrisis:
Mental Health Problems https://t.co/23adQ8N489
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!

#Police Caught Spying On #SocialMedia To Track Anyone Who Talks About #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/zFY64pvBFL https://t.co/uFXn5zuosw

#FlintWaterCrisis Complaint against EPA seeks $220 million in damages
#ArrestGovSnyder
https://t.co/zsK4I7beX6

Flint needs answers!
Pledge to stand with #FlintWaterCrisis children, families:
https://t.co/Rp9nsjIpwd
#TBATs Demand #Justice4Flint!

Flint Emergency Manager told how to minimize Legionnaires outbreak https://t.co/6sYLTGTxTB via @detroitnews
#FlintWaterCrisis Victims!

How #HillaryClinton ties to PR firms link her to scandals, such as #FlintWaterCrisis! #FeelTheBern https://t.co/hFWDymOqeY

Special #FlintWaterCrisis PDF from @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/nuIlO1l7p5

ONE #Republican is standing in the way of #FlintWaterCrisis solution @GOP @SenMikeLee WTF?
#Justice4Flint! https://t.co/sASbSHF4WV

Activist who Filed Lawsuit in #FlintWaterCrisis Murdered! https://t.co/hMqESIkPNg via @telesurenglish #Justice4Flint #BlackLivesMatter

#FlintWaterCrisis #BlackLivesMatter
Flint woman suing over poisoned water crisis found shot to death in home https://t.co/nnZJVYR9FW

Flint mother one of first to sue over water found shot to death https://t.co/5lRwoCCTQw
#FlintWaterCrisis #BlackLivesMatter

WATCH: The follow up documentary to the #FlintWaterCrisis
Undrinkable: The Crisis Continues https://t.co/XITCiK7LQ7 https://t.co/6eEmH6JhsM

Long before helping Flint, #Michigan officials were shipping clean water to their own workers!
http://www.motherjones.com/environment/2016/01/snyder-administration-started-trucking-clean-water-state-buildings via @MotherJones

Flint and America’s corroded trust https://t.co/NCVFgHGldi via @MotherJones #FlintWaterCrisis

Senators again reach deal on #FlintWaterCrisis aid
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
https://t.co/FUXf6AgdzC

🚨EMERGENCY MANAGERS🚨
#RevPinkney was Right:
It’s Comin’ to Your City Next!
https://t.co/JjS2icU710 @PollyHughes10 https://t.co/X3isFc2vgh

#ArrestGovSnyder for #FlintWaterCrisis!
#FreeRevPinkney
Thx @PeoplesTrib! https://t.co/yH6a72FGKW

Fitch: Emergency Managers no panacea despite power https://t.co/E81Tbww794 via @freep
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!

Emergency Manager Darnell Earley charges pricey attorney to cash-strapped Flint!
https://t.co/NfuGkYDNaW via @freep
#FlintWaterCrisis

Mayor: Flint #Michigan shouldn’t pay Emergency Manager’s #FlintWaterCrisis legal bills!
http://woodtv.com/?p=209726 via @woodtv

#Hillary2016 Linked to Company Being Sued over #FlintWaterCrisis! https://t.co/IEJzaBCvTj via @theantimedia1 #BlackLivesMatter #FeelTheBern

#FreeRevPinkney
Emergency Managers Committed Crimes against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/yxpyKaNxJ6

Students Organize Traffic SlowDown, Target Emergency Manager Law https://t.co/1aOyJ7jg5P @DetResistingEM
#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney

Rev Pinkney Warned:
Beware the Emergency Managers!
#FlintWaterCrisis #FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter!
https://t.co/dPy6CxtVGU

For #Michigan schools, CEO is the NEW Emergency Manager – Now with MORE POWER! https://t.co/1NBJ81l6hI
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter

#FreeRevPinkney
#ArrestGovSnyder
#BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/JqNEUnPEg0

Snyder Defends Emergency Manager Law Despite #FlintWaterCrisis!
https://t.co/z885mxUbhF via @bpolitics
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter

And political prisoner Rev. Pinkney called it yrs ago! https://t.co/vZ36djuM3t … #FreeRevPinkney May 11 Appeal https://t.co/3KDhJJptq5 …

This Nonprofit Wants Legal Challenge to #Michigan Emergency Manager Law Heard
https://t.co/ZDezObK4ZM…via @npquarterly
#FreeRevPinkney

#RevPinkney Among 1st to Warn Against Emergency Managers!
https://t.co/LqAySC5xc6 #FreeRevPinkney
#ArrestGovSnyder https://t.co/wZp6c6RixZ

#ArrestGovSnyder for Emergency Managers & #FlintWaterCrisis!
Then Help #FreeRevPinkney at https://t.co/BiVKoUQwg4 https://t.co/lHnqUXjTcZ

Anger in #Michigan Over Appointing Emergency Managers!
https://t.co/sZOubQBUta via @nytimes
#BlackLivesMatter #FreeRevPinkney!

It’s Time to Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/MqG8LApnIC

#RevPinkney was Convicted With No Evidence by an All-White Jury! #FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/HFUDrf9o2P

Who Polices Prosecutors Who Abuse Their Authority?
Usually Nobody
https://t.co/kM9UFZyg2w
#FreeRevPinkney! https://t.co/JyG1KTjlSt

Rev. Pinkney Speaks:
“Now I Know”
https://t.co/RY0lPgE1FT
Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/Wux6GYP512

MECAWI Press Release:
May 11 Appeals Hearing
#FreeRevPinkney
https://t.co/OzuiVk0HgU https://t.co/x1kzgjX9gq

#RevPinkney’s Appeals Hearing May 11th in Grand Rapids!
https://t.co/mStWKyd5qx…
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/prpICwe0qK

Questions Presented in Brief on May 11th Appeal
https://t.co/5LbPBSJiPp…
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter  https://t.co/2X2g6RHand

#FlintWaterCrisis
#RevPinkney has been calling for RICO for months!
https://t.co/nyjtRcg60p…
#FreeRevPinkney! https://t.co/MWFJk7jYlk

#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!
We demand real criminals go to jail!
https://t.co/dcgsVA81Wg via @PeoplesTrib https://t.co/zhYpJMnuCt

FLASHBACK!
Reverend Pinkney Turns
the Water Back On!
https://t.co/uRBVkBvKBE @WorldAusterity
#FreeRevPinkney! https://t.co/JZkt6xsf2O

#ArrestGovSnyder & #FreeRevPinkney!
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/GVgbsj8qFs

Free Rev. Pinkney!
https://t.co/Ebl3GWpgdz @PeoplesTrib
Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
#FreeRevPinkney #BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/VskhWhsPsz

#FreeRevPinkney
Donate at https://t.co/B2YrMILyXV #Justice4Pinkney
https://t.co/ljrTEMwsRH #BlackLivesMatter

FLASHBACK!
Stop the ETHNIC CLEANSING of Benton Harbor & Detroit #Michigan
https://t.co/YCl7gmIOW5 #BlackLivesMatter https://t.co/IRlbkmHKZr

#FreeRevPinkney & #ArrestGovSnyder!
Demand Justice in #Michigan
Visit https://t.co/B2YrMILyXV https://t.co/72HAcOyQaA

Petition:
Attorney General @LorettaLynch, @RepJohnConyers:
#FreeRevPinkney!
Jailed For Challenging Corporate Power!
https://t.co/HkrOUH1LYi

The #FlintWaterCrisis #Justice4Pinkney TwitterStorm!

IMG_20160413_171556

Occupy The PGA To Protest Selling Off Of Benton Harbor, #Michigan http://crooksandliars.com/kenneth-quinnell/occupy-pga-protest-selling-benton via @crooksandliars
#OccupyThePGA #FreeRevPinkney

#RevPinkney’s Appeals Hearing May 11th in Grand Rapids!
bhbanco.org/2016/04/rev-pi…
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney pic.twitter.com/OGR8U62Ar8

IMG_20160413_173352

Questions Presented in Brief on May 11th Appeal

 

The Church Is Failing the Community on Economic and Racial Justice:
!
 

From Rev. Pinkney: Corrupt Partnership and the Struggle

 

Latest update on #RevPinkney: soundcloud.com/worldausterity…#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney
bhbanco.org pic.twitter.com/jfQRNNQjHO

4 many criminal actions! poli prisoner

Give 67 year-old Reverend Edward Pinkney a Presidential Pardon!

Blackonomics…Edward Pinkney isolated in Michigan prison http://newpittsburghcourieronline.com/2016/04/10/blackonomics-edward-pinkney-isolated-in-michigan-prison/#.Vw-5bZmChWg.twitter
Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
bhbanco.org

Rev. Edward Pinkney: “Injustice anywhere…” M.L.K. : 
 

Seek !
& !

: Five lingering questions two years after big switch
&

3 charged in   !

Snyder: Charges take  to whole new level!  via

for!
& !

The continues to GROW!
& !

 

: Five lingering questions two years after big switch
&

task force urges lawmakers to change Emergency Manager law!

 

Criminal charges filed in 

& !

Tell the World about the !
Demand !
!

A Timeline of the in – ABC News – via
& !

Conyers: Time to rein in  Emergency Managers! 
& !

Snyder’s caught in his own web: “OUR SYSTEM” is his Emergency Manager reporting DIRECTLY to HIM twitter.com/HectorSolon/st… #FlintWaterCrisis

Anger in Over Appointing Emergency Managers!
via
& !

Report Faults State Officials, Governor’s Office, Emergency Managers for !
via

Yes 4 & political prisoner

Task force blasts state leaders, Emergency Managers law for #FlintWaterCrisis http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/flint-water-crisis/2016/04/12/task-force-blasts-state-leaders-em-law-flint-water-crisis/82928312/ … via @freep

And political prisoner Rev. Pinkney called it yrs ago! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O4k4r7czxfk … #FreeRevPinkney May 11 AppealsHearing https://twitter.com/ZaRdOz420WPN/status/720032739660062721


END the Emergency Managers FOREVER!
& !

More Confessions of an Economic Hitman: This Time They’re Coming for Your Democracy!
via

must do the right thing-enough is enough!     

Pressure Mounts to Alter  Emergency Manager Law

& !

!
for!

This Nonprofit Wants Legal Challenge to Emergency Manager Law Heard
via
!

4 poli prisoner

Snyder Defends Emergency Manager Law Despite   via
& !

Sewage discharged into Flint River following excessive wet weather http://s.mlive.com/0Ytbsxc

#FlintWaterCrisis:
Why didn’t Flint treat its water?
An answer, at last
http://on.freep.com/1MCPquf
#Justice4Flint & #FreeRevPinkney

!
Activist ARRESTED For Making Facebook Post Criticizing Gov Snyder’s !
via

& END the Emergency Managers FOREVER!
& !

#FlintWaterCrisis
City of Flint May Sue Mich. for Lead Contamination of Drinking Water http://www.theroot.com/articles/news/2016/04/city_of_flint_may_sue_michigan_state_for_lead_contamination_of_drinking.html via @TheRoot #Justice4Flint

#ArrestGovSnyder!
Flint residents file a racketeering lawsuit against Michigan officials
http://www.newsweek.com/flint-racketeering-lawsuit-rick-snyder-445141 @Newsweek
#Justice4Flint!

“Water, water, everywhere, and not a drop to drink.” -Rime of the Ancient Mariner http://newpittsburghcourieronline.com/2016/01/25/blackonomics-the-economics-of-water/#.Vw-7YVlIB28.twitter
#FlintWaterCrisis #FreeRevPinkney

Inmates were forced to use water riddled with bacteria & lead for nearly 2 years!
 


has been calling for RICO for months!

!
Is a
Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND !
!

!
& !

Report: Senate energy bill moving forward without aid  

#ArrestGovSnyder!
Two more deadly cases of Legionnaires’ disease found in Flint area https://shar.es/1jYS4e via @wxyzdetroit #Justice4Flint

#FlintWaterCrisis:
Does MDEQ put economic growth ahead of people? http://on.freep.com/1MsKrfJ #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!

!
Legionnaires’ Deaths reach 12 during !
via  

In 2011, #RevPinkney was leading protests about the water in #Detroit.
#FreeRevPinkney: Political Prisoner
#Flint https://t.co/YdzTCF2HPS

FLASHBACK!
Imprisoned for Fighting Corporation!  via

#Flint Is a Casualty in the Right Wing’s War on Local Democracy https://t.co/gGcMhZgriu
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!

#ArrestGovSnyder!
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/yW91pgPVHP


Michigan: a state carved up for corporate profit!

& !

!
Protesters Demand ! Thanks !  

4 from Marquette Branch Prison
   

US officials extend emergency water assistance for Flint https://t.co/rXbBLAxDwG via @Reuters
#ArrestGovSnyder for #FlintWaterCrisis!

A task force has deemed Michigan officials “fundamentally accountable” for #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/FGpFCaxGmG https://t.co/klloYXEcvU

#GOP Reps Walberg & Chaffetz LIED at #FlintWaterCrisis hearing about meeting with EPA staffer Miguel Del Toral https://t.co/uN2WfB2Bf1

Deadly “river switch” Apr 25, 2014 made by EM’s Kurtz/Earley & Treasurer Dillon, & REPORTED to ONLY ONE person, Gov Snyder

#Justice4Flint
People’s Water Board Members Launch https://t.co/VhC0RnEP1U https://t.co/GwCHn4gCU2 @DetResistingEM https://t.co/F0i3StjxSd

#RevPinkney Speaking at Water Rights Rally in #Detroit
#ArrestGovSnyder #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/d0IOxTAweX https://t.co/4NsgvKZKUN

“#FlintWaterCrisis: What Did the EPA Know?” https://t.co/kopAkpo1i5 @nofearcoalition via @accuracy https://t.co/OjzKWGfykk

#ArrestGovSnyder!
The Racism at the Heart of #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/uBKRKf2r6R

Nationwide Solidarity with #Flint! https://t.co/Qq6mGtczTn @PeoplesTrib #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/1THCFkyIaB

Framing #Flint: Water Justice in the Heart of the Great Lakes https://t.co/An4cpJKbgu @DetResistingEM https://t.co/ttUMJlV5Ag

#FlintWaterCrisis
79-year-old #Flint resident with no car has to cart bottled water to his home 1 mile away https://t.co/OvCCkrij41

Flint water crisis threatens to put a damper on #PureMichigan campaign success https://t.co/xahdettP3V

Overwhelming reason to demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/c7ZsFqG7we

Water for life, not for profit!
https://t.co/hD8WEigFYb @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/agSfeOPz23

Why the Public must DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/xjb6tL6jYz

The Black Autonomy Network Community Organization (BANCO)
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney
https://t.co/qIqzzp4tzu https://t.co/S99JMeNszX

for!
&

Demand :
Political Prisoner of the Emergency Managers!

THX 

Who Polices Prosecutors Who Abuse Their Authority?
Usually Nobody
https://t.co/kM9UFZyg2w
#FreeRevPinkney! https://t.co/JyG1KTjlSt

URGENT:
A Call to Action!
https://t.co/pXbmbO5iGe
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/na5z8CMjWX

Occupy the PGA 2016 Is ON!!

Mark your calendars!

Join the facebook event!
https://t.co/9TwcCY1IwR
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/anW6bKO0di

Reverend Pinkney:
The Civil Rights
Hero You Haven’t Met
https://t.co/qQpRWyobYb @WorldAusterity
#Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/TmnxpE0Ppw

Another murder in Berrien County by Sheriff Paul Bailey
https://t.co/1Bh9gLugfU #FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/blp7gvS9mh

Rev Pinkney: I believe Berrien County officials put a hit on me, inside prison!
http://sfbayview.com/2015/11/rev-pinkney-i-believe-berrien-county-officials-have-put-a-hit-on-me-inside-the-prison-system/ via @sfbayview
#FreeRevPinkney!

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/p2rUvFtzJc

FLASHBACK!
Framing Reverend Pinkney
https://t.co/4XE6Brg60o
#Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/L5gqQJANT6

Berrien Co. Corrupt System led by Judge Schrock and Prosecutor Mike Sepic
https://t.co/7qVZTW3LKx
#Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/Y67NwPJ2j6

Demand

 

#ArrestGovSnyder!

Rev. Pinkney Speaks:
“Now I Know”
https://t.co/IN2whKfhM4
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/8Yd32xEzCD

Greetings from Rev. Pinkney!
https://t.co/wtNScQG0eS
#Justice4Pinkney & #Justice4Flint https://t.co/NYcm5V9T39

Dictatorship in Michigan:
Flint Water Warriors expose Truth!
https://t.co/FZhq2q1HT1 @PeoplesTrib #Justice4Flint https://t.co/obBhy2QMZc

#RevPinkney Speaks from Marquette Prison:
The Concentration Camp of America
https://t.co/C0l7CosxeO #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/bJmX7sjuNl

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/Q2sbLPFF59

FLASHBACK!
Democracy on Hold in Benton Harbor https://t.co/vCEFMQZs5y via @truthout
Demand #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/PC4sjIKiSd

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/KUxLwniNqM

Learn All about #RevPinkney
#Justice4Pinkney #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/pwayR9FNkF

Big Lesson From Flint: Resistance Is NOT Futile @alternet https://t.co/97aBSABhHo
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/u6urjyQ5el

Special #FlintWaterCrisis PDF from @PeoplesTrib
https://t.co/sku9O24X52
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/2pWq8G2fuV

Darnell Earley was EM that flipped switch on Flint river water, & made 6-fig salary @ DPS $225,000 #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/y1LtpjjZEL

Free Rev. Pinkney!
https://t.co/Ykq2fVQvSn @PeoplesTrib
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/BoGqTK97A1

It’s Time to Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/tM6nxipaFT

DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
End ALL Emergency Managers!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now. https://t.co/m33TmUks5m

Rev Pinkney’s message cannot be silenced!
https://t.co/vojik3LnWQ @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/nCskUKGvUf

#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/tCtHtM1KMi

FLASHBACK!
Reverend Pinkney:
Fighting Fascism in Michigan
https://t.co/XkhnTir6KM @WorldAusterity #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/yX8x2IDyOE

Voices from Benton Harbor
https://t.co/YzhZviAWK0 @PeoplesTrib
Demanding #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/xYjiUbetId

#Flint Disaster was Avoidable! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/5FhW65ZsyK https://t.co/3XGDOatFhd

Corporations own America!
https://t.co/NxcaQLi1xV via @PeoplesTrib
Demand #Justice4Pinkney & #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/MAbVPKMKrv

#Detroit: A tale of two cities
https://t.co/iVPwojpu3q @PeoplesTrib
#ArrestGovSnyder for his Emergency Managers! https://t.co/Thtnh3GugI

Demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/5FhW65ZsyK https://t.co/DcaoFopfFz

#FlintWaterCrisis: Let Them Eat Cake! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/QnFtj4eInk

Attorney:  strengthens case against Emergency Manager law   via 

#RevPinkney Warned: Beware the Emergency Financial Manager!
#Detroit #FlintWaterCrisis #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/MM7LW2D835

Students Organize Traffic Slow-Down, Target Emergency Manager Law https://t.co/PPnWCOe7PQ @DetResistingEM https://t.co/xbYOVWmsYu

#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
End the Emergency Managers FOREVER!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/xgqaSNm7Qj

Stop the Corruption & Stop the Corrosion! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/b6HzL41g9q

#Michigan must Stand Together! Demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Donate at https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC https://t.co/2sGSJn1zUf

Emergency Managers Committed Crimes against Humanity! DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!https://t.co/3LQJX3llfw

For Michigan schools, CEO is the new Emergency Manager – Now with more POWER! https://t.co/k3xyAdOSxc

Gov Snyder: W A N T E D: For Crimes Against Humanity!
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Thx @PeoplesTrib! https://t.co/tADtVxmNuZ

Demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/o9Jzjxpu2r

Who Polices Prosecutors Who Abuse Their Authority?
Usually Nobody
https://t.co/kM9UFZyg2w
#Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/JyG1KTjlSt

Sign this Petition to Demand Justice for Reverend Edward Pinkney!
Thanks @Roots_Action!
#Justice4Pinkney!
https://t.co/22AhnlDNYj

 

#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney

#Flint Is a Casualty in the Right Wing’s War on Local Democracy https://t.co/gGcMhZgriu
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!

#ArrestGovSnyder!
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/yW91pgPVHP

US officials extend emergency water assistance for Flint https://t.co/rXbBLAxDwG via @Reuters
#ArrestGovSnyder for #FlintWaterCrisis!

A task force has deemed Michigan officials “fundamentally accountable” for #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/FGpFCaxGmG https://t.co/klloYXEcvU

#GOP Reps Walberg & Chaffetz LIED at #FlintWaterCrisis hearing about meeting with EPA staffer Miguel Del Toral https://t.co/uN2WfB2Bf1

#Justice4Flint
People’s Water Board Members Launch https://t.co/VhC0RnEP1U https://t.co/GwCHn4gCU2 @DetResistingEM https://t.co/F0i3StjxSd

“#FlintWaterCrisis: What Did the EPA Know?” https://t.co/kopAkpo1i5 @nofearcoalition via @accuracy https://t.co/OjzKWGfykk

#ArrestGovSnyder!
The Racism at the Heart of #FlintWaterCrisis https://t.co/uBKRKf2r6R

Nationwide Solidarity with #Flint! https://t.co/Qq6mGtczTn @PeoplesTrib #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/1THCFkyIaB

Framing #Flint: Water Justice in the Heart of the Great Lakes https://t.co/An4cpJKbgu @DetResistingEM https://t.co/ttUMJlV5Ag

#FlintWaterCrisis
79-year-old #Flint resident with no car has to cart bottled water to his home 1 mile away https://t.co/OvCCkrij41

Flint water crisis threatens to put a damper on #PureMichigan campaign success https://t.co/xahdettP3V

Overwhelming reason to demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/c7ZsFqG7we

Water for life, not for profit!
https://t.co/hD8WEigFYb @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/agSfeOPz23

Why the Public must DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/xjb6tL6jYz

The Black Autonomy Network Community Organization (BANCO)
#FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney
https://t.co/qIqzzp4tzu https://t.co/S99JMeNszX

Who Polices Prosecutors Who Abuse Their Authority?
Usually NOBODY
https://t.co/kM9UFZPRr6
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/bt1P1ZPhpZ

URGENT:
A Call to Action!
https://t.co/pXbmbO5iGe
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/na5z8CMjWX

Successful #Justice4Pinkney Protest at MDOC Headquarters in Lansing!
https://t.co/dSUArLuwtV
Free #RevPinkney! https://t.co/BzSM9QMZKn

#Justice4Pinkney Protest in Lansing at Michigan Department of Corrections March 4, 2016
https://t.co/PShvvL56fC https://t.co/JC2MZ2tqUG

Protesters Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/y5eMI3QXnM

Who Polices Prosecutors Who Abuse Their Authority?
Usually NOBODY
https://t.co/kM9UFZPRr6
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/bt1P1ZPhpZ

 

Occupy the PGA 2016 Is ON!!

Mark your calendars!

Join the facebook event!
https://t.co/9TwcCY1IwR
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/anW6bKO0di

Reverend Pinkney:
The Civil Rights
Hero You Haven’t Met
https://t.co/qQpRWyobYb @WorldAusterity
#Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/TmnxpE0Ppw

Another murder in Berrien County by Sheriff Paul Bailey
https://t.co/1Bh9gLugfU #FreeRevPinkney #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/blp7gvS9mh

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/p2rUvFtzJc

FLASHBACK!
Framing Reverend Pinkney
https://t.co/4XE6Brg60o
#Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/L5gqQJANT6

Berrien Co. Corrupt System led by Judge Schrock and Prosecutor Mike Sepic
https://t.co/7qVZTW3LKx
#Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/Y67NwPJ2j6

 

#ArrestGovSnyder!

Rev. Pinkney Speaks:
“Now I Know”
https://t.co/IN2whKfhM4
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/8Yd32xEzCD

Greetings from Rev. Pinkney!
https://t.co/wtNScQG0eS
#Justice4Pinkney & #Justice4Flint https://t.co/NYcm5V9T39

Dictatorship in Michigan:
Flint Water Warriors expose Truth!
https://t.co/FZhq2q1HT1 @PeoplesTrib #Justice4Flint https://t.co/obBhy2QMZc

#RevPinkney Speaks from Marquette Prison:
The Concentration Camp of America
https://t.co/C0l7CosxeO #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/bJmX7sjuNl

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/Q2sbLPFF59

FLASHBACK!
Democracy on Hold in Benton Harbor https://t.co/vCEFMQZs5y via @truthout
Demand #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/PC4sjIKiSd

#ArrestGovSnyder
#FlintWaterCrisis Is a Crime Against Humanity!
DEMAND #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/KUxLwniNqM

Learn All about #RevPinkney
#Justice4Pinkney #FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/pwayR9FNkF

Big Lesson From Flint: Resistance Is NOT Futile @alternet https://t.co/97aBSABhHo
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/u6urjyQ5el

Special #FlintWaterCrisis PDF from @PeoplesTrib
https://t.co/sku9O24X52
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/2pWq8G2fuV

Darnell Earley was EM that flipped switch on Flint river water, & made 6-fig salary @ DPS $225,000 #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/y1LtpjjZEL

Political Prisoner #RevPinkney Marks Year Behind Bars https://t.co/76femQC2Df via @blkagendareport #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/TiA5aLv8Sr

Free Rev. Pinkney!
https://t.co/Ykq2fVQvSn @PeoplesTrib
Demand #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/BoGqTK97A1

It’s Time to Demand #Justice4Pinkney!
#FreeRevPinkney https://t.co/tM6nxipaFT

DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
End ALL Emergency Managers!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now. https://t.co/m33TmUks5m

Rev Pinkney’s message cannot be silenced!
https://t.co/vojik3LnWQ @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/nCskUKGvUf

#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney https://t.co/tCtHtM1KMi

FLASHBACK!
Reverend Pinkney:
Fighting Fascism in Michigan
https://t.co/XkhnTir6KM @WorldAusterity #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/yX8x2IDyOE

Voices from Benton Harbor
https://t.co/YzhZviAWK0 @PeoplesTrib
Demanding #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/xYjiUbetId

#Flint Disaster was Avoidable! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/5FhW65ZsyK https://t.co/3XGDOatFhd

Corporations own America!
https://t.co/NxcaQLi1xV via @PeoplesTrib
Demand #Justice4Pinkney & #Justice4Flint! https://t.co/MAbVPKMKrv

#Detroit: A tale of two cities
https://t.co/iVPwojpu3q @PeoplesTrib
#ArrestGovSnyder for his Emergency Managers! https://t.co/Thtnh3GugI

Rev Pinkney’s message cannot be silenced!
https://t.co/vojik3LnWQ @PeoplesTrib
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/nCskUKGvUf

Black Lives Matter!
#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/qkClFgR0sc

We Must Stand Together with #Flint!
Demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/5FhW65ZsyK https://t.co/DcaoFopfFz

#FlintWaterCrisis: Let Them Eat Cake! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/QnFtj4eInk

#RevPinkney Warned: Beware the Emergency Financial Manager!
#Detroit #FlintWaterCrisis #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/MM7LW2D835

Students Organize Traffic Slow-Down, Target Emergency Manager Law https://t.co/PPnWCOe7PQ @DetResistingEM https://t.co/xbYOVWmsYu

#Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
End the Emergency Managers FOREVER!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/xgqaSNm7Qj

Stop the Corruption & Stop the Corrosion! #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Visit https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC now! https://t.co/b6HzL41g9q

#Michigan must Stand Together! Demand #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney!
Donate at https://t.co/HChJTYk4fC https://t.co/2sGSJn1zUf

Emergency Managers Committed Crimes against Humanity! DEMAND #Justice4Flint & #Justice4Pinkney! https://t.co/3LQJX3llfw

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A 1994 Report from GAO Warned Congress That Wall Street Could Explode

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Fourteen years before Wall Street blew itself up in 2008, the General Accounting Office (now called the Government Accountability Office), warned Congress that Wall Street was on a dangerous path that could put the taxpayer at risk of bailouts as a result of trillions of dollars of derivatives being held by a handful of interconnected firms. These dangers were heightened according to the GAO by shoddy accounting practices for derivatives, inadequate regulatory reporting, and high leverage.

Despite the fact that almost every single warning that the GAO called out in 1994 was ignored by the U.S. Congress, leading to the greatest financial collapse since the Great Depression in 2008, Congress has still not attended to the most dangerous elements highlighted in the report.

Back in 1994, the GAO found that: “U.S. bank regulatory data indicate that the top seven domestic bank derivatives dealers by notional/contract amounts accounted for more than 90 percent of all U.S. bank derivatives activity as of December 1992. SEC data show a similar concentration of activity among U.S. securities derivatives dealers. The top five by notional/contract amounts accounted for about 87 percent of total derivatives activity for all U.S. securities firms as of their fiscal year-end 1992.”

GAO envisioned precisely what transpired in 2008, writing:

“Because the same relatively few major OTC derivatives dealers accounted for a large portion of trading in a number of markets, regulators and market participants feared that the abrupt failure or withdrawal from trading of one of these dealers could undermine stability in several markets simultaneously. This could lead to a chain of market withdrawals, or possibly firm failures, and a systemic crisis.”

GAO also correctly foresaw what happened to AIG in 2008, the big insurance company whose affiliate had sold credit default swaps in the billions of dollars to Wall Street firms and required a $182 billion taxpayer rescue because it could not make good on those swaps, creating a backdoor bailout to firms like Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch and Citigroup. GAO warned in the 1994 report: “Insurance companies’ OTC derivatives affiliates are subject to limited state regulation and have no federal oversight. Yet OTC derivatives affiliates of securities and insurance firms constitute a rapidly growing component of the derivatives markets.”

Rather than defusing the dangers of concentrated risk, the banks and securities firms the GAO was so worried about in 1994 were subsequently allowed to merge (even during the midst of the crisis in 2008) creating ever larger amounts of concentrated risk today. One chart in the GAO study shows that in 1992, Citicorp held derivatives equal to more than 200 percent of its equity capital and loans equal to more than 1200 percent. Citicorp was allowed to merge with Salomon Smith Barney, the investment bank, and Travelers, the insurance company, in 1998 to become Citigroup. During the crash, its stock went to 99 cents a share, requiring the largest taxpayer bailout of a bank in U.S. history.

The same 1992 chart also shows JPMorgan holding over 200 percent of its equity capital in derivatives and over 300 percent in loans. Chase Manhattan was holding over 300 percent of its equity capital in derivatives and over 900 percent in loans. In 2000, Chase bought JPMorgan, becoming JPMorgan Chase. During the crash of 2008, JPMorgan Chase became exponentially more dangerous, taking over the failed Bear Stearns and Washington Mutual.

The GAO report almost perfectly envisioned what was ahead at JPMorgan Chase when it stated: “The issue is one of striking a proper balance between (1) allowing the U.S. financial services industry to grow and innovate and (2) protecting the safety and soundness of the nation’s financial system.”

In 2013, JPMorgan Chase was fined $920 million by four of its regulators for gambling in exotic derivatives in London (London Whale saga) using not its own capital but the deposits of its FDIC-insured bank. Its losses amounted to at least $6.2 billion. JPMorgan’s settlement with one of the regulators of national banks, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), specifically flagged the safety and soundness issue. The OCC had this to say:

“The credit derivatives trading activity constituted recklessly unsafe and unsound practices, was part of a pattern of misconduct and resulted in more than minimal loss, all within the meaning of 12 U.S.C. § 1818(i)(2)(B).”

But even after the epic financial collapse in 2008 and JPMorgan’s epic gambles with bank depositors’ money a few years later, Congress has left this derivatives ticking time bomb ticking away.

According to a report from the OCC, as of September 30, 2015, insured U.S. commercial banks and savings associations had exposure to $192.2 trillion notional (face amount) of derivatives. The report notes that only four banks hold 90.8 percent of all derivatives: Citigroup, JPMorgan Chase, Goldman Sachs and Bank of America. (See the equally troublesome derivatives holdings of Morgan Stanley here.)

In other words, since the early 90s, instead of reducing systemic risk, Congress has allowed it to dramatically expand. Back then, seven banks represented 90 percent of derivatives activity. Today, just four banks hold 90.8 percent of all derivatives and the dollar amount of those derivatives has exploded.

In February of last year, the U.S. Treasury’s Office of Financial Research (OFR) released a new study showing seismic levels of interconnected risk among the largest Wall Street banks.

The OFR report was authored by Meraj Allahrakha, Paul Glasserman, and H. Peyton Young. It found that five U.S. banks had high contagion index values — Citigroup, JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America, and Goldman Sachs. (What do those banks all have in common – unfathomable levels of derivatives.)

The  OFR authors write:

“…the default of a bank with a higher connectivity index would have a greater impact on the rest of the banking system because its shortfall would spill over onto other financial institutions, creating a cascade that could lead to further defaults. High leverage, measured as the ratio of total assets to Tier 1 capital, tends to be associated with high financial connectivity and many of the largest institutions are high on both dimensions…The larger the bank, the greater the potential spillover if it defaults; the higher its leverage, the more prone it is to default under stress; and the greater its connectivity index, the greater is the share of the default that cascades onto the banking system. The product of these three factors provides an overall measure of the contagion risk that the bank poses for the financial system.”

The words in the OFR report are slightly different than those of the 1994 GAO report but the message is the same: the U.S. financial system is not so much a financial system as it is a giant fireworks factory with a history of lax oversight of its explosive inventory.

That the President who promised hope and change allows this situation to persist, after the greatest Wall Street blowup since 1929, is nothing short of a national scandal.

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A 1994 Report from GAO Warned Congress That Wall Street Could Explode